IREN, a Multi-utility Company listed on the Italian Stock Exchange, operates in the sectors of electricity (production, distribution and sale), thermal energy for district heating (production and sale), gas (regasification, distribution and sale), the management of integrated water services, environmental services (collection and disposal of waste) and energy services.

IREN is structured as an industrial parent company with its main corporate offices in Reggio Emilia, operating units in Genoa, Parma, Piacenza, La Spezia and Turin, and separate companies in charge of the individual business lines. Iren S.p.A. handles strategic, development, coordination and monitoring activities, while the four operating companies ensure the coordination and development of the business lines:
  • IREN Energia in the electricity and heat energy production sector and the technological services sector;
  • IREN Mercato as regards the sale of electricity, gas, district heating and innovative services (eg. E-mobility and New Downstream));
  • IRETI in the gas and electricity distribution business and in the integrated water service;
  • IREN Ambiente in the waste collection, in the design and management of waste treatment and disposal plants and in the renewable energies sector.
Role played in the project The company will be involved into the following activities: overall project management, coordination and reporting about technical, administrative and financial aspects; evaluation of future regulation and technical requirement for V2G; design, optimization and pre-validation at advanced prototype level of the system interface for managing the electricity exchanges with the grid (EMCS – Energy Management and Control System); Analysis of the future impact of a V2G on electric networks and future energy markets. Moreover, in collaboration with other project partners, IREN will deploy the integration of the different components (e-quadricycle, charging station and EMCS) in two pilots (for domestic and public applications), testing and optimization of the solution.



Mecaprom was founded in 1960 as a development company for automotive engineering and prototyping. The company is present in 9 countries with 12 operating units. In Italy Mecaprom operates in Turin (Piedmont Region), Imola, Arese and Naples. Mecaprom is a company that operates in the domestic and international market as a leader in the development of powertrain and drive-line systems.

Engines and transmissions have always been the center of attraction of our best resources: the core of an international group that has been able to develop meaningful innovations to achieve the highest levels of excellence in design and realization. The solutions and the conceptual proposals are made on the basis of inputs provided by customers, the reference standards of the final product, bearing in mind the reduction of costs and time-to-market. Mecaprom customers’ portfolio include major automotive industry leaders who operate globally, such as Audi, FCA, GM, Iveco, Piaggio, Avtovaz. Role played in the project In V2G project, MEC will be mostly involved in: Capture of the vehicle requirements for the assigned functionalities, specification, lead the development of the electrical powertrain unit and vehicle integration. MEC will support CTC in optimization of the electronic interfaces for managing battery cells balancing, on-board charger enabling and control and the electronic board for converting vehicle communication protocol to the stand-alone charging station included modelling of appropriate algorithms for estimating the battery cells critical parameters; moreover, MEC lead the definition of testing lists, protocols and standards and will support IREN in the integration of the e-vehicles and related components into the two pilots for testing. Finally, will support CTC in the analysis of results and techno-economic assessment.



Aalborg University is organized in five faculties of humanities, engineering and science, medicine, social science, and IT and design. According to US News World Ranking, Aalborg University ranks as no. 260 in the overall world university rankings and as no. 4 in the world, and best in Europe, within the field of Engineering.

The Department of Energy Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, operates with energy technologies and solutions with focus on sustainable energy, thus largely contributing to future energy and climate challenges. The department was founded in 1987 and is located in Aalborg and Esbjerg, Denmark. Each campus offers both research and education. The department’s mission is to teach and carry out research at the highest level within the field of energy engineering in order to produce new knowledge and candidates for the benefit of both companies and Danish society. We produce graduates at Bachelor, Master and PhD levels at an internationally recognized standard. Research and results are characterized by a comprehensive collaboration with both national and international companies and universities. Role played in the project In V2G project, AAU will mainly perform test and characterization of the battery cells of the prototype vehicle of the V2G-project and develop algorithms for battery state estimation, e.g. state-of-charge (SoC) and state-of-health (SoH) estimation. The battery cells will be tested in the Battery System Tests Laboratory of AAU, which includes state-of-the-art equipment for electrical, thermal, and lifetime testing and characterization of batteries. Based on the tests, models and algorithms for battery state estimation will be developed. AAU will also participate together with all partners regarding integration of components into the pilots and subsequent testing and optimization of the V2G solutions.



CTC develops and manufactures customised electronic devices and applications for the automotive industry in general and specifically for electric vehicles, controllers, test and measurement devices. The present product range includes control systems for drive units, solutions for automated testing, sensors, controllers for electric motor driven actuators, test and measurement systems, solar and mains powered charging systems as well as cable harnesses and electromechanical components. The company is fully certified according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2015. Company’s headquarters are situated in Böblingen and in Esslingen in Germany.

CTC permanently works on innovation within research and development projects and invests in technologies and qualification of its employees as well electrical drive trains, measurement and testing procedures, sensors, controls and automation define the strategic approach which couples the company within the megatrends of mobility and energy technology. CTC develops algorithms and tools for the analysis of battery cells, modules and stacks, covering all domains along the entire battery lifecycle: development, production, logistics, integration, operations, 2nd use applications and recycling Role played in the project The strategic market scenarios, which will be covered by the project, require fully adapted energy systems, in terms of saving and transferring the energy bidirectionally. CTC will develop an adapted Battery Management System, which ensures proper functionality of the battery by monitoring important cell parameters, by determining specifications and developing HW and SW as well as prototyping the BMS component and charging interfaces. Additionally, CTC will participate to the test’s evaluation, and will lead techno-economic assessment and support business evaluation. On the side, CTC, a company with high European and international footprint, will coordinate the exploitation and dissemination activities to ensure the proper valorization of project’s results, with the collaboration of all partners.